Passport

Russian Paper Issues Front Page Apology to Netherlands for MH17

In the aftermath of the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, many Russian media outlets have put forth a variety of ridiculous conspiracy theories to explain the plane's demise. In the face of overwhelming evidence that Moscow-backed separatists shot down the plane, the Russian media stubbornly insists that the thugs armed, funded, and led by the Kremlin could not possibly have done such a thing. On Friday, a corner of the Russian media offered them all a powerful rebuke.

In a striking front-page design that serves as a testament to the power of that dying medium, the liberal Novaya Gazeta offered an apology to the people of the Netherlands, which lost 193 citizens in the crash. "Forgive us, Netherlands," reads the headline.   

Novaya Gazeta is one of the few -- if not the last -- liberal newspapers operating in Russia. It has a small circulation and its readership is mostly limited to Moscow. Anna Politkovskaya, the legendary war reporter who chronicled the horror of Russian military operations in Chechnya only to be murdered for running afoul of the regime, wrote for the paper. Mikhail Gorbachev is a shareholder.

But it's hard not to think that this front page will land the paper on the Kremlin's blacklist. It was precisely this kind of offense that saw the liberal television network TV Rain booted from many providers' lineups. After the channel ran an online poll asking whether Russia should have surrendered Leningrad to the Nazis during World War II rather than suffer the horrors the followed during the siege, TV Rain was dropped by many satellite providers.

Similarly, the Novaya Gazeta front page seems to violate the received nationalist wisdom as it has shaped Russia's understanding of the MH17 tragedy. Rather than stubbornly refuse to acknowledge any wrongdoing, the paper has done the graceful, necessary thing.

But grace, in this case, is all too likely to be interpreted as weakness.

Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images

Passport

Poland Facilitated CIA Torture but Wants to Forget About It

In a damning decision for Poland, the European Court of Human Rights ruled on Wednesday that the country broke the European Convention on Human Rights by allowing the CIA to detain and torture two terror suspects on its territory. The two men -- Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri of Saudi Arabia and Abu Zubaydah, a Palestinian -- were reportedly held at a CIA black site at a Polish military base at different times in 2002 and 2003. The European convention prohibits the use of torture.

"The Court found that Poland had cooperated in the preparation and execution of the CIA rendition, secret detention, and interrogation operations on its territory and it ought to have known that by enabling the CIA to detain the applicants on its territory, it was exposing them to a serious risk of treatment contrary to the Convention," the court said in a statement.

Lawyers for the two men brought their cases before the European court after an investigation in Poland by domestic prosecutors languished in the country's courts, which have been investigating the case for six years. The men, alleged members of al Qaeda currently held at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba, were granted "victim" status by Polish courts. The European court ruled Thursday that the Polish state should pay the men $135,000 each in damages and awarded Abu Zubaydah $40,000 to pay for unspecified costs.

The case of the Polish black sites was first revealed to the public in a 2005 Washington Post article. Since then the American and, to a lesser extent, Polish media have intensely scrutinized evidence in the case. A recent investigation by the Post showed that CIA agents paid $15 million to the Polish secret service to facilitate the operation.

Despite overwhelming proof that the site was on Polish territory and that the CIA had operated there with the consent of Polish authorities, Warsaw has repeatedly and vehemently denied any knowledge of or involvement in the operation. The reactions Thursday were no different.

"The ruling of the European Court for Human Rights in Strasbourg seems to be premature," said Marcin Wojciechowski, a spokesman for the Polish Foreign Ministry. The domestic investigation is still underway, he said.

Leszek Miller, who served as prime minister while the black site was up and running, said that the ruling is "unfair and immoral." "I hope that the Polish authorities never pay out the amount because this money would fuel the accounts of terrorists and would be used to prepare other attacks," he said.

Observers in Poland have long called for ramping up the investigation and criticized politicians for having an apathetic attitude toward the case. "Poland had the right to show that human rights in our country take precedence over the interest of those in power, that we can admit to a mistake, and fix it," the journalist and commentator Ewa Siedlecka wrote in the prominent daily Gazeta Wyborcza. "The country didn't take the opportunity, and suffered a devastating failure: It was declared guilty of facilitating serious human rights violations, and branded for hiding them."

FREDERICK FLORIN/AFP/Getty Images