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Why Does the Secret Service Consider the Home of ABBA to Be a High-Risk Country?

Is there anything more yawn-inducing than a presidential visit to Sweden?

On Wednesday, President Obama arrived in Stockholm for a hastily convened trip to the Nordic country, where he stopped at the Stockholm synagogue, reiterated his call for military action in Syria, and paid tribute to Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who saved tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews during World War II before his disappearance. Scheduled after Obama decided to cancel his summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin, the trip has something of a placeholder feel to it. Just read this White House fact sheet on the United States and Sweden's role as global leaders on climate change and clean energy to get a sense of just how, well, not interesting this trip is.

But for the U.S. Secret Service, the trip is anything but trivial. According to Swedish media, the U.S. law-enforcement agency determined in its assessment of the security situation prior to Obama's visit that Sweden is a so-called "high-risk" country, and that Obama runs a real risk of being assassinated during his Scandinavian detour. Yes, that's right, according to the Secret Service, Sweden -- that socialist idyll -- is ground zero in the plot to kill Obama.

As the Secret Service sees it, Sweden has a troubling history of high-level political assassinations. In fact, within a span of less than 20 years, one of its prime ministers -- Olof Palme -- and a foreign minister -- Anna Lindh -- were assassinated. Even more troubling to the Secret Service, Palme's killing, which occurred on a Stockholm street corner in 1986, remains unsolved. Add to that the stabbing death of Lindh in a Stockholm department store in 2003, and the Secret Service sees a mortal threat to the president.

As if Sweden's history of political assassinations wasn't enough, the Secret Service also sees a troubling trend of jihadi terrorism in Sweden. At least 30 Swedes have traveled to Syria to fight with Islamist rebels, and in 2010, a suicide bomb went off in downtown Stockholm (no one besides the attacker was killed). It is also believed that al Qaeda has cultivated a group of supporters among the country's Muslim community.

With this assessment in mind, the Secret Service has shut down a huge swath of the capital city for the presidential visit. Obama and his huge entourage have taken over the entire Grand Hotel, the super-posh establishment that sits across the harbor from the royal castle. A nearby subway station will be shut down, and large parts of the city center will be closed to traffic. To say that Stockholmers are kvetching over the disturbance is a huge understatement.

But is there something to the security concerns highlighted by these eagle-eyed Secret Service agents? For one thing, the agents clearly aren't particularly close students of history. To draw parallels between the Palme and Lindh assassinations and Obama's visit is to ignore the circumstances of their killings. Take Palme, for example. The beloved Social Democratic prime minister -- arguably the most prominent figure in 20th-century Swedish politics, and a founding father of its welfare state -- was killed after he dismissed his bodyguards for the night and went to catch a movie with his wife, Lisbeth. After the film screening, the couple decided to walk home through Stockholm. As they passed by an arts and crafts store, Lisbeth stopped to look in the window, only for a a gunman to step out of the alleyway, walk up to Palme, and shoot him. After firing at Lisbeth, who survived, he fled up an alleyway. The murder remains unsolved. Lindh, meanwhile, was killed -- stabbed to death -- by a disturbed young man named Mijailo Mijailovic at a downtown department store as she was shopping for clothing. She didn't even have any bodyguards at the time of the attack. (In one of the stranger twists in Swedish political history, Lindh spoke at Palme's funeral in 1986. At the time, she was the head of the Social Democratic youth organization and the youngest speaker at the event.) In short, had the two politicians not been wandering around Stockholm without security, they'd probably both be alive today. Meanwhile, the security for Obama is so tight that the manhole covers outside his hotel have been welded shut.

Or maybe the Secret Service agents have been reading a little too much Stieg Larsson. The assassination in Stockholm of an American president embroiled in an international crisis certainly sounds like a promising premise for the next Swedish crime hit. 

As for in the real world, not so much.

JESSICA GOW/AFP/Getty Images

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These Are the 5 Craziest Conspiracy Theories About Syria's Chemical Attacks

With the Obama administration in an all-out blitz to gain congressional authorization for a strike On Syria, the debate over chemical weapons and a potential U.S. military retaliation has taken an inevitable turn: The conspiracy theories have arrived.

Perhaps President Obama planned the chemical weapons attack to create an excuse to intervene? Or maybe he just framed the Syrians? Or perhaps it was in fact a "false flag" attack carried out at Israel's behest? Or maybe the intelligence has just been wildly distorted? Or maybe the attack was in fact no attack at all but an accidental release of chemical weapons provided to the rebels by Saudi Arabian intelligence officials?

One theory is crazier than the next, but for these modern conspiracy theorists, no conjecture seems out of bounds. Here's your guide to the ugly turn the Syria debate has now taken.

OBAMA DID IT!

The theory: In what is so far the most outlandish allegation surrounding the Syria debate, Yossef Bodansky, a defense analyst, argues that it was in fact Obama who planned the attacks. The allegation -- if it can even be called that -- was given wider circulation on Tuesday, when Rush Limbaugh talked up the story on air, and describes a shadowy network of intelligence agencies who are to have orchestrated the attack. The Bodansky article contends that just prior to the chemical weapons attack, the Syrian opposition was provided with a massive influx of weapons provided by Turkish and Qatari intelligence agents with the support of U.S. spies. Under the cover of U.S. airstrikes launched in retaliation for chemical weapons use, the Syrian opposition would launch a massive offensive and break the back of the Assad regime. The chemical weapons attack, Bodansky contends, thus plays into the strategic interests of the United States -- assuming for the moment that Washington is firmly on the side of the rebels -- and could serve as a decisive moment in the military conflict.

Why it's crazy: One immediate problem presents itself with this theory -- that is, beyond the prima facie craziness of the notion that a sitting U.S. president would plan a chemical weapons strike in a country where he has strenuously sought to avoid U.S. military entanglement. If the chemical weapons strike was a U.S. operation all along, then why did Obama bother to take the issue to Congress? Though he would have suffered politically in some quarters if he had taken immediate action, he would have been well within the law and precedent. Few things other than a desire to improve political support for the operation prevented Obama from launching strikes immediately, and if he had already decided that 1,400 Syrian dead were a price worth paying for some air cover, why would the president ever care what Congress thinks? Additionally, setting aside for a moment the evidence collected by U.S. intelligence officials -- which presumably can't be taken seriously in a discussion of this idea -- consider the following: France, Germany, and the Arab League have all backed Obama's conclusion that the Assad regime was behind the attack. Would Francois Hollande, Angela Merkel, and a slew of Arab governments really take part in an international cover-up of this proportion? Only in Bodansky's brain.

THE ISRAELIS DID IT!

The theory: Lest you think that only lunatics on the far ends of the political spectrum propagate these conspiracy theories, let's begin with comments by none other than Lawrence Wilkerson, who served as chief of staff to Secretary of State Colin Powell. In an interview with Current TV, Wilkerson alleged that the Aug. 21 chemical weapons attack on the suburbs east of Damascus was in fact a "false flag" operation -- an operation carried out, in this case by Israel, under a false identity to discredit one's opponents.

Why it's crazy: Well, there's the minor issue of Wilkerson having no evidence what so ever to back up the claim beyond what he describes as the stupidity of the Netanyahu government. "I think we've got a basically geostrategically, geopolitical inept regime in Tel Aviv right now," Wilkerson said in the interview. (And before you ask: no, Israel's use of white phosphorous is not at all the same as an attack utilizing a nerve agent.)

THE SYRIANS WERE FRAMED!

The theory: Dialing back the craziness, another line of thinking -- "thinking" loosely defined, anyway -- holds that Obama didn't actually plan the strikes himself, but that he is framing the Syrians after the fact. The video below lays out that argument and purports to prove the claim by citing documents obtained from a little-known British contractor.

Why it's crazy: As far as conspiracy theories go, this one is pretty bad. The evidence presented -- emails allegedly obtained from Britam Defense by a hacker -- purports to show how the Qatari government was in fact behind the attack with the support of the United States and that the evidence has been covered up to pin the blame on Assad:

We've got a new offer. It's about Syria again. Qataris propose an attractive deal and swear that the idea is approved by Washington.
We'll have to deliver a CW to Homs, a Soviet origin g-shell from Libya similar to those that Assad should have.
They want us to deploy our Ukrainian personnel that should speak Russian and make a video record.
Frankly, I don't think it's a good idea but the sums proposed are enormous. Your opinion?

What does this prove? Perhaps that the Qatari government has gone completely nuts and is hatching some wild schemes, but the links to the U.S. government are completely unfounded. Then again, that's what makes for the best conspiracy theory.

THE REBELS DID IT!

The theory: Next up is the allegation that the chemical weapons attack was in fact the result of an accident after Saudi Arabia provided Syrian rebels with nerve agent. According to an article in MintPress News, Saudi intelligence chief Bandar bin Sultan funneled chemical weapons to fighters in Ghouta, just outside of Damascus. Those weapons were allegedly stored in underground tunnels, and after rebels who were unfamiliar with handling the weapons set off an explosion, the nerve gas dispersed, resulting in the deaths of over a thousand people.

Why it's crazy: That story makes for a good yarn but bears little relation to all the other available evidence. The chemically-laden rockets were launched from government-controlled territory into rebel-held lands. Western intelligence agencies intercepted phone calls from within the Assad regime panicking over the chemical attack's massive spread. Then the regime launched a series of conventional rocket barrages in an apparent attempt to cover up the crime. To believe the rebels pulled this off, you'd have to convince yourself that the opposition did all of this to themselves. Oh, did we mention that the Syrian military has hundreds of metric tons of precursors for chemical weapons?  

IT WASN'T REALLY NERVE GAS!

The theory: Conspiratorial thinking about chemical weapons use in Syria can also take on a more benign form, as in Truthout's allegations that U.S. officials have wildly distorted intelligence on the Aug. 21 attack. Truthout points out that it remains unclear who in the Syrian government ordered the attack. But if this is to be cited as the principal failure of U.S. intelligence efforts, it's certainly odd that administration spokespersons are acknowledging it freely. From there, Truthout's allegations take a turn for the morbid by casting doubt on claims chemical weapons were used by arguing that certain symptoms consistent with a nerve agent -- specifically mass vomiting and diarrhea -- appeared not to be present with the victims.

Why it's crazy: Though there is obviously a debate to had on the lethality of the chemical weapons used in Ghouta, there appears to be little doubt that nerve agents were deployed. None other than Doctors Without Borders, the medical charity whose hospitals treated many of the victims, said that victims' symptoms matched exposure to a nerve agent, and that's an assessment most independent experts agree agree with. In casting doubt on reports of chemical weapons usage, Truthout relies on the voluminous video record of the immediate aftermath of the attacks, when social media activists sped to the scene to document the carnage. But if it wasn't a chemical weapons attack that Syria's video journalists observed that day, why then did all but one of the media activists at one local coordiantion committee die after spending time filming at the site of the attack? 

So what conspiracy theories did we miss? Leave your favorites in the comments.

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