Education or Exploitation? Channel 4's Ramadan Broadcast Stirs Up Debate in U.K.

Ramadan, the Islamic holy month marked by fasting from sunrise to sunset, begins Monday evening in many parts of the world (just when continues to be the subject of debate). And in a intentionally provocative move, the British broadcaster Channel 4 has announced that it will be airing the call to prayer, or adhan, live every morning throughout Ramadan (an autoplay version will also be available on its website five times daily). The first call to prayer will air at 3:00 a.m. on Tuesday and "[p]rogrammes in the schedule will be cut to accommodate the adhan."

Writing for Britain's Radio Times magazine, Channel 4's head of factual programming, Ralph Lee, called the decision "a deliberate 'provocation' to all our viewers in the very real sense of the word," noting that the broadcaster expected to be "criticized for focusing attention on a 'minority' religion." Lee went on to point out that nearly five percent of the country will be participating in Ramadan. "[C]an we say the same of other national events that have received blanket coverage on television such as the Queen's coronation anniversary?" he asked.


The channel's month-long coverage will be paired with other programs that document what daily life is like for practicing British Muslims during Ramadan. And, just as Lee and his colleagues intended, its decision to become "the first mainstream British TV channel to broadcast the Muslim call to prayer live each morning" has sparked a debate in the country over the past week. Critics are dismissing the move as a gimmick, while supporters are welcoming the coverage -- especially in the aftermath of the gruesome murder of a British soldier in Woolwich, London in May, which raised concerns about a backlash against Muslims.

One columnist for the Daily Mail, for instance, labeled Channel 4's decision "pure tokenism" adding, "If it were being serious, it would broadcast all five calls to prayer, interrupting daytime transmissions of soap operas, cricket matches and news bulletins where necessary. Also, as a gesture to Islam, it would refuse to carry advertisements for alcohol during the holy season."

The Guardian, for its part, has run pro and con columns on the issue, with Nabil Ahmed calling Channel 4's decision "an opportunity for all of us to learn - and to put aside preconceived ideas" and Nesrine Malik describing the move as "irresponsible and patronizing."

Terry Sanderson, president of Britain's National Secular Society, expressed concern about Channel 4 engaging in a "publicity-seeking stunt" but also conceded, "Given that the BBC devotes hundreds of hours a year to Christianity, with two or three church services every day on its radio stations, and hardly any mention of minority religions, a few minutes devoted to Islam doesn't seem unreasonable."

Twitter users have greeted the news with trademark sarcasm:




This isn't the first time Channel 4 has drummed up controversy. In 2008, the broadcaster had outgoing Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad give an alternative to the Queen Elizabeth's Christmas Day address. There's no such thing as bad publicity, right?


Kim and Kanye May (or May Not) Be Getting Married at Egypt's Pyramids

Take this with several grains of salt, but Kanye West, croissant enthusiast and self-professed "Steve [Jobs] of Internet, downtown, fashion, culture," and Kim Kardashian, noted cultural ambassador to the Arab world, might be planning a special trip to promote unity and harmony in Egypt ... between themselves. Yes, "Kimye" (this is a thing people actually call them) is talking about getting married in Egypt, or so an unnamed "friend" of the couple maybe told OK! Magazine in its latest issue. The news is now wending its way through news outlets in the Middle East.

According to OK!'s source, Kardashian "likes how Katy Perry and Russell Brand got married in India with an Indian-themed wedding. She wants that." As for why she settled on Egypt, "Kim thinks she's the spitting image of Egyptian goddess Isis, so she has been talking about doing an Egyptian-themed wedding, at the pyramids." (For your reference, that's Isis on the left, Kardashian on the right.)

Besides the questionable cultural appropriation of an Egypt-themed destination wedding, there may be more immediate problems for Kimye's nuptials. After all, they couldn't have picked a worse week to float the idea of a Giza wedding. The U.S. embassy in Cairo has been advising tourists to stay away from the Great Pyramids for months now, warning of "angry groups of individuals surrounding and pounding on the vehicles -- and in some cases attempting to open the vehicle's doors." And last week, as the Egyptian military ousted President Mohamed Morsy from office, the State Department asked "U.S. citizens to defer travel to Egypt and U.S. citizens living in Egypt to depart at this time because of the continuing political and social unrest," citing the death of an American student at a protest in Alexandria on June 28.

OK!'s source did not mention if the couple is considering alternative venues.

Jason Larkin/Getty Images for WWF; Metropolitan Museum of Art; Stephen Lovekin/Getty Images