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The feminine mystique of Kim Jong Un

On Monday, Park Geun-hye, South Korea's first female president and the daughter of the dictator who ruled the country in the 1960s and 1970s, was sworn into office. "Consider her roles: daughter, first lady, mother" writes novelist Suki Kim in a recent New York Times op-ed. "This woman, widely lauded as her country's first female president, is no symbol of latent feminism but of something far more traditional -- a girl who grew up before the nation's eyes, only to lose both parents violently, and then become the mother for whom they had carried a torch since her own mother's martyrdom."

But she's not the only feminine leader on the Korean peninsula. "Despite his young years Kim Jong Un is already being praised for his motherly solicitude, just like his father was," BR Myers, author of The Cleanest Race, a book on North Korean propaganda, wrote in an email to me.  

In his email to me, Myers explained that Kim Jong Un "is also equated with the 'Mother Party,' like with the phrases 'The Dear Marshal Kim Jong Un is our Mother Party,' or 'The Dear Marshal's breast is the Party's breast.' (This is not a purely Korean phenomenon. Goebbels compared Hitler to a mother: 'The whole nation loves him, because it feels secure in his hand like a child in the mother's arm.') It has always been striking in North Korea, however, because it runs so counter to the popular Pyongyang-watching myth of a Confucian-patriarchal state."

Myers has argued that North Korea's true ideology is not Communism, Juche, or Confucianism, but a race-based, paranoid nationalism, where its people are "too pure-blooded, and therefore too virtuous, to survive in this evil world without a parental leader." Myers hones in on the word parental; explaining that "because the Korean race is born good, it has no need for an educating father figure like Stalin or Mao; instead, Kim Jong Il appears in the personality cult as more of a maternal figure."

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The darker side of tribal kidnapping

Yemen's tribal practice of kidnapping to extort concessions by the government in Sanaa and ransom payments from abroad has two faces. At one extreme is the romanticized version of rural tribesmen taking hostages and, in accordance with Yemeni tribal custom, treating them as honored guests until an agreement is mediated with the government. According to one story, a Chinese construction worker was kidnapped and held hostage for months, living better than he had as a laborer; when the Chinese government wouldn't negotiate, he was dropped off in Sanaa. As was the case with journalist Adam Baron, who wrote about being kidnapped recently, things can often end well.

Then there's the other side of tribal kidnappings -- the side that illustrates the desperation that motivates these tactics as rural factions struggle for the attention and resources of Yemen's overwhelmed central government. The video above was posted to YouTube on Feb. 21. In it, Dominik Neubauer, an Austrian citizen who was kidnapped in Sanaa along with a Finnish couple two months ago, pleads at gunpoint for the Yemeni and Austrian governments to negotiate his release.

I've been taken hostage on the 21st of December, 2012, by a Yemeni tribe. They want ransom money. I appeal to the Yemeni government, to the Austrian government, and to all other governments concerned, and to the European Union to give them what they want. Otherwise they will kill me seven days after this video is published.

That would be this Thursday. He added a message to his family in German: "Mom, Dad, Lukas, Angela, I love you more than anything. So far I'm in good health."

Neubauer, 26, was in Yemen studying Arabic. A recent graduate of the masters' program at the London School of Economics, he had spent time interning for the European Union's diplomatic corps, according to an infrequently updated LinkedIn page that appears to be his. An acquaintance of Neubauer's said he had been planning on returning to Europe just days after he was taken.

The YouTube video is the first evidence that Neubauer is still alive, a spokesman for the Austrian Foreign Ministry told reporters. There has been no news about the Finnish couple that was also kidnapped. Authorities say they do not know where the hostages are being held.

The sheen came off tribal kidnappings in 1998, when religious militants belonging to the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army kidnapped 16 British, American, and Australian tourists, rebuffed traditional tribal mediation efforts, and executed at least two of them while two others were killed in a rescue attempt. It is unclear if the people holding Neubauer will hold to their stated timetable -- a spokesperson for the Finnish Foreign Ministry pointed out that "the time limits are common in these kinds of demands, and often they are flexible. There is no need to draw too many conclusions over this."

YouTube