Dumb power: China condemns Nobel Peace Prize

With apologies to FP's Chinese readers, here's an automated translation of Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Jiang Yu Quan's reaction to the news of Liu Xiabo's Nobel Peace Prize. The original is here. Chime in with any suggested improvements in the comments section.

Q: The Nobel Committee on October 8 this year's Nobel Peace Prize awarded to the Chinese "dissident," Liu Xiaobo, what is your comment?

A: The Nobel Peace Prize should be awarded "to promote national harmony and promote international friendship and to promote disarmament and peace for the convening of meetings and promotional efforts of the people", which is Nobel's wishes. Liu is in breach of Chinese law by the Chinese judicial organs of criminals sentenced to imprisonment, and its behavior and contrary to the purpose of the Nobel Peace Prize. Connaught Committee awarded the Peace Prize to such a person, completely contrary to the purpose of the award and also the desecration of the Peace Prize.

Q: Liu Xiaobo award will affect the Sino-Norwegian relations?

A: In recent years, Sino-Norwegian relations have maintained sound development, which is conducive to the two countries and two peoples interests. Connaught Committee Liu and Nobel Peace Prize award runs counter to the purpose, will bring damage to the Sino-Norwegian relations.

A long-time Beijing resident and political observer emails the following reaction to the award:

I think it was an own-goal by Beijing, bungled in the usual ham-fisted way. If they hadn't leaned on Norway in such a comically villainous manner, there might have been voices on the committee who'd say, "Sure, Liu's courageous, but is he the man who '...shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses'"?

More interestingly is what happens now.

My guess is that it will be untenable to keep Liu Xiaobo incarcerated for much longer. Beijing, as is its habit, will watch very carefully to gauge the level of popular anger online about the fact that Liu's still in jail, monitoring microblogs like Sina Weibo ( and online forums like Tianya and Baidu Tieba as well as the number of times the word "Nobel" or "???" (Liu Xiaobo) gets sent via IM or SMS. From what my friend watching Sina Weibo [tells me], just an hour after the announcement "Nobel" is already the top-trending term.

My correspondent didn't anticipate, however, that the Chinese government would hit back so hard (some are translating Jiang's remarks as labeling the award an "obscenity"):

I think Beijing will know better than to come out strongly in condemnation of the Nobel Committee's decision; instead, they'll couch their responses in terms of "We regret that this decision was made" and deny that he's a "political prisoner" (saying instead that Liu violated laws against subversion and incited for the overthrow of the Chinese Communist Party, which to Beijing doesn't qualify him, as odd as this may sound, as a political prisoner). They'll look for some means of a face-saving stand-down -- to "step off the dais" gracefully, as they say in Chinese. They may try and get Liu out of the country (Chinese dissidents once abroad are notoriously ineffective), but Liu has refused to play along when that sort of solution has been proposed before, and has said he'd rather be in jail in China than exiled. So they're in a really tough spot.

Bottom line: "If Beijing hadn't lobbied as hard as it did to deny the prize to Liu Xiaobo, perhaps it would have gone to another nominee."


Interpol issues arrest warrants for Pakistani military officers over Mumbai attacks

Dear Pakistani military officers Maj. Ali Sameer and Maj. Iqbal: You may want to delay that long-planned vacation to London. You see, Interpol has just issued warrants for your arrest over your alleged roles in the November 2008 Mumbai attacks.

Interpol's action will further affirm many analysts' suspicion that the Pakistani military played a crucial role in planning the deadly attacks, which resulted in the deaths of 175 people. But to be clear, this isn't proof positive that the two Pakistani officers were involved: Interpol issued what is known as a red warrant, which calls for the "provisional arrest" of an individual based on another country's investigation.

In this case, a New Delhi court is calling for their arrest based on evidence Indian investigators gathered from their inquiry into the network of David Coleman Headley, a U.S. citizen who pleaded guilty to involvement in the attacks in March. The Indians are claiming that Maj. Iqbal was Headley's Pakistani handler when he traveled to India to scout out potential targets for a terrorist attack. This may or may not be true, but the arrest warrants are not based on anything other than the allegations of Indian investigators, which have long suspected Pakistan of complicity in the attacks.

With those caveats firmly in place, there does appear to be some agreement from the United States that Pakistani officers played a role in the attacks. As FP contributor Simon Henderson recently pointed out, the sole footnote in Bob Woodward's Obama's Wars noted that the CIA received "reliable intelligence" that the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence, the country's main spy agency, were involved in training the militants who went on to wreak havoc in Mumbai.